Mr. J.V. Presogna
Presogna Productions

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Philosophy and Reading the Ancients
How to Read and Understand the Ancient Texts

Mr. J.V. Presogna

I have been a scholar of philosophy and religion for most of my life. I have found that few people have taken the time to genuinely read or understand the ancient writings of various cultures. This page will endeavor to explain and help you understand such writings, and why they still have meaning in the world we know today.

Can there be an explanation for seemingly unexplainable events? Can someone actually put forth a suitable description of such events which do not defy reason?

With a background in the sciences, a person who indeed seeks the underlying answers and reasons for everything that happens, I tend to examine philosophy and religion in the same way. One must accept what has been demonstrated by science. Likewise, when I can demonstrate such things concerning religious texts, such as explanations of real events which have been misinterpreted, I also expect acceptance.


Knowing something about how people used to live has a lot to do with the interpretation of the ancient writings that we find.

For the most part, people wrote about what they saw, although many times they could not adequately explain what they saw. Other times, they wrote in metaphors, since that was the style of the time, many times in repetitive phrases.

The biggest problem in reading ancient texts, whether it be Scripture from the Bible or the Tipitaka from Buddhist literature, is separating the metaphors from the real events. This, of course, takes patience and experience. The more that you read, the better at it you can get.

Jesus Christ and Buddha talked in parables. Moses and other people of the Old Testament often did not use parables, but actually provided eye witness accounts of certain events. This becomes difficult reading for many people, since there are times when the events themselves are unclear.

Nevertheless, the two distinct forms of writing that ancient people used are similar on every continent. They provide descriptions of real events, such as earthquakes, storms, catastrophes and the like; and, they provide soaring metaphors for the many things they could not appropriately describe in other ways.

Upon closer examination, one can many times clearly understand the events and the so-called miracles, as well as the many metaphors attached to other parts of the texts.

One good example of a miracle in the New testament is the only miracle which is written about by all 4 gospels. Although there are 37 distinct miracles described in the New Testament, only the miracle of "Feeding the Five Thousand" is described by all 4 gospels. That appears in Matthew 14:13, Mark 6:30, Luke 9:10, and John 6:1, and the 4 gospels are fairly straightforward and similar in their descriptions.

It stands to reason that if this is the only miracle recorded in all 4 gospels, it must have taken place. Yet, how did it take place?

For an example of interpreting the Bible, I will give you the concise explanation myself. For a review of this miracle click on the link below.

Feeding the Five Thousand

For other articles on philosophy or religion, see the introductory articles list below.

For tips and advice on how to read ancient texts click on the link below.

Reading Ancient Texts


Ascension Equals Funeral Pyre

The 31 Prophecies Fulfilled by Jesus Christ

Trinity and Truth

The Beginning of the Lie



The Tipitaka of Buddhism
(These are the 3 baskets of Buddhist texts that tell the story of Buddhism)

The Eightfold Path
(The "straight and narrow" of Buddhism is similar to the "straight and narrow" of Christianity)

Access to Insight
(This entire site can be downloaded, including the Tipitaka)

Saints in Christianity
(This contains an entire calendar of Saints)

The Entire Canon Law
(This is the Catholic Canon that may be of interest to some)

The 700 Club
(This is the main link for the 700 Club)

Mr. J.V. Presogna is a writer, composer and artist with a background in science and mathematics. He is a Christian-Buddhist.

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